α-Tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), a redox-silent analogue of vitamin E, inhibits malignant mesotheliomas (MM) in a pre-clinical model. Here we investigated the underlying mechanism. Exposure of MM cells to α-TOS triggered apoptosis at higher and inhibited proliferation at lower concentrations, while this effect was not observed in non-malignant mesothelial cells. Sub-apoptotic doses of α-TOS caused down-regulation of fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) selectively in MM cells, while the effect on FGFR2 was only marginal. FGF1 and FGF2 enhanced MM cell proliferation that was suppressed by α-TOS. Over-expression of E2F1, a transcriptional factor of FGFR1, but not its dominant-negative counterpart, partially blocked the inhibitory activity of α-TOS on MM cell proliferation. Our data suggest a novel mechanism by which a clinically intriguing agent selectively suppresses proliferation of cancer cells, as shown here for the untreatable mesotheliomas.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 4 2004|
- FGF receptor signalling
- Vitamin E succinate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology