The rat thyroid cell line, FRTL-5, expresses an α1-adrenergic receptor when exposed to thyrotropin. We have found that occupation of this α1-adrenergic receptor by norepinephrine stimulated the release of [3H]arachidonic acid from prelabeled cells. Arachidonic acid was metabolized primarily to prostaglandin E2 and to much smaller amounts of 11-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid, 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid, prostaglandin D2, and thromboxane B2. Synthesis of all these metabolites was inhibited by the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin. When FRTL-5 cells were starved of thyrotropin for 24 h, norepinephrine nearly doubled [3H]thymidine uptake into DNA. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors inhibited norepinephrine-stimulated thymidine uptake by 60-70%. Of several arachidonic acid metabolites tested, none was able to stimulate thymidine uptake directly in the presence of indomethacin. Prostaglandin E2, however, was able to restore [3H]thymidine uptake when added together with norepinephrine in the presence of indomethacin. Thus, occupation of an α1-adrenergic receptor in a functional rat thyroid cell line leads to arachidonic acid release. Subsequent metabolism of the arachidonic acid by the cyclooxygenase pathway leads to synthesis of prostaglandin E2, which mediates a norepinephrine-stimulated activity related to cell replication.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
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