β-Amyloid deposition in brain is enhanced in mouse models of arterial hypertension

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are conflicting evidence regarding the association of hypertension with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and so far it is still unexplored whether increased blood pressure levels can be mechanistically related to the pathophysiology of AD. Since the deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ) in brain represents the first pathogenetic event in the onset of AD, in this study we investigated the role of hypertension in the brain deposition of Aβ. We analyzed two independent mouse models of hypertension. In both models we observed an increased permeability of blood-brain barrier in cortex and hippocampus. More interestingly, in the same areas hypertensive mice showed a marked positivity to anti-Aβ antibodies and the presence of Aβ-like fragments. Finally, we analyzed mice after passive immunotherapy with anti-Aβ IgG. We observed that this latter approach determined a markedly reduced Aβ immunopositivity in both cortex and hippocampus. Our study demonstrates that chronic hypertension determines an impairment of the blood-brain barrier permeability with deposition of Aβ in brain tissue and that passive immunotherapy prevents this latter phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-228
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • β-Amyloid
  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Brain
  • Hypertension
  • Immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Developmental Biology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'β-Amyloid deposition in brain is enhanced in mouse models of arterial hypertension'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this