The activation of endothelin-A receptor (ETAR) by endothelin-1 (ET-1) has a critical role in ovarian tumorigenesis and progression. To define the molecular mechanism in ET-1-induced tumor invasion and metastasis, we focused on β-arrestins as scaffold and signaling proteins of G protein-coupled receptors. Here, we demonstrate that, in ovarian cancer cells, β-arrestin is recruited to ETAR to form two trimeric complexes: one through the interaction with Src leading to epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation and β-catenin Tyr phosphorylation, and the second through the physical association with axin, contributing to release and inacti- vation of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β and β-catenin stabilization. The engagement of β-arrestin in these two signaling complexes concurs to activate β-catenin signaling pathways. We then demonstrate that silencing of both β-arrestin-1 and β-arres- tin-2 inhibits ETAR-driven signaling, causing suppression of Src, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), AKT activation, as well as EGFR transactivation and a complete inhibition of ET-1-induced β-catenin/TCF transcriptional activity and cell invasion. ETAR blockade with the specific ETAR antagonist ZD4054 abrogates the engagement of β-arrestin in the interplay between ETAR and the β-catenin pathway in the invasive program. Finally, ETAR is expressed in 85% of human ovarian cancers and is preferentially co-expressed with β-arrestin-1 in the advanced tumors. In a xenograft model of ovarian metastasis, HEY cancer cells expressing β-arrestin-1 mutant metastasize at a reduced rate, highlighting the importance of this molecule in promoting metastases. ZD4054 treatment significantly inhibits metastases, suggesting that specific ET AR antagonists, by disabling multiple signaling activated by ET AR/β-arrestin, may represent new therapeutic opportunities for ovarian cancer.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 24 2009|
- Endothelin a receptor
- Metastasis ovarian cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas