γδ T Cells: The Ideal Tool for Cancer Immunotherapy

M. Yazdanifar, G. Barbarito, A. Bertaina, I. Airoldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

γδ T cells have recently gained considerable attention as an attractive tool for cancer adoptive immunotherapy due to their potent anti-tumor activity and unique role in immunosurveillance. The remarkable success of engineered T cells for the treatment of hematological malignancies has revolutionized the field of adoptive cell immunotherapy. Accordingly, major efforts are underway to translate this exciting technology to the treatment of solid tumors and the development of allogeneic therapies. The unique features of γδ T cells, including their major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-independent anti-cancer activity, tissue tropism, and multivalent response against a broad spectrum of the tumors, render them ideal for designing universal 'third-party' cell products, with the potential to overcome the challenges of allogeneic cell therapy. In this review, we describe the crucial role of γδ T cells in anti-tumor immunosurveillance and we summarize the different approaches used for the ex vivo and in vivo expansion of γδ T cells suitable for the development of novel strategies for cancer therapy. We further discuss the different transduction strategies aiming at redirecting or improving the function of γδ T cells, as well as, the considerations for the clinical applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • adoptive cell therapy
  • allogeneic
  • bisphosphonate
  • expansion
  • gamma delta T cell
  • immunotherapy
  • phosphoantigen
  • third-party
  • transduction
  • γδ T cell
  • animal
  • cell proliferation
  • clinical trial (topic)
  • cytology
  • human
  • immunology
  • lymphocyte activation
  • neoplasm
  • T lymphocyte
  • Animals
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Neoplasms
  • T-Lymphocytes

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