The existence of a γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system in human anterior pituitary tissue was examined. Crude membrane fractions prepared from human anterior pituitary tissue bound tritiated GABA. The binding was saturable, and Scatchard analysis indicated a single binding site of high affinity (K(d) = 40 nM)) and a maximum binding of 1.2 pmol/mg protein. Binding was displaced in a dose-related manner by the GABA agonists muscimol (K(I) = 1 x 10 -8 M), isoguvacine (K(I) = 6 x 10 -6 M), THIP (4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazole-[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol); K(I)) = 5 x 10 -7 M), and the antagonist (+)bicuculline (KI) = 5 x 10 -5 M) but not its inactive stereoisomer (-)bicucculline (K(I) > 10 -3 m). In anterior pituitary tissue, a significant concentration of GABA was found (mean 2.5 ± 0.5 nmol/mg protein) but no glutamic acid decarboxylase activity, the enzyme synthesizing GABA, was detected using a highly sensitive assay. In addition, benzodiazepine binding was present. An affinity of approximately 1.5 nM and a B(max) of approximately 0.75 pmol/mg protein were observed when using [ 3H]diazepam as the ligand. No saturable clonazepam binding occurred, and only slight GABA stimulation of diazepam binding was observed (mean, 18%; range, 6-38%). The ability of GABA and benzodiazepine to alter PRL secretion in rats suggests that the human pituitary GABA-binding sites decribed here might also mediate effects of PRL release.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism