γepithelial Na+ Channel (γENaC) and the Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 1 (ASIC1) expression in the urothelium of patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity

Chiara Traini, Giulio Del Popolo, Massimo Lazzeri, Katia Mazzaferro, Federico Nelli, Laura Calosi, Maria Giuliana Vannucchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To investigate the expression of two types of cation channels, γEpithelial Na+ Channel (γENaC) and the Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 1 (ASIC1), in the urothelium of controls and in patients affected by neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). In parallel, urodynamic parameters were collected and correlated to the immunohistochemical results. Patients Subjects and Methods Four controls and 12 patients with a clinical diagnosis of NDO and suprasacral spinal cord lesion underwent urodynamic measurements and cystoscopy. Cold-cup biopsies were frozen and processed for immunohistochemistry and Western Blot. Spearman's correlation coefficient between morphological and urodynamic data was applied. One-way anova followed by Newman-Keuls multiple comparison post hoc test was applied for Western Blot results. Results In the controls, γENaC and ASIC1 were expressed in the urothelium with differences in their cell distribution and intensity. In patients with NDO, both markers showed consistent changes either in cell distribution and labelling intensity compared with the controls. A significant correlation between a higher intensity of γENaC expression in the urothelium of patients with NDO and lower values of bladder compliance was detected. Conclusions The present findings show important changes in the expression of γENaC and ASIC1 in NDO human urothelium. Notably, while the changes in γENaC might impair the mechanosensory function of the urothelium, the increase of ASIC1 might represent an attempt to compensate for the excess in local sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-804
Number of pages8
JournalBJU International
Volume116
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

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Keywords

  • cystoscopy
  • degenerin family
  • immunohistochemistry
  • spinal cord lesion
  • urodynamic parameters
  • western blot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Medicine(all)

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