1-40 β-amyloid protein fragment modulates the expression of CD44 and CD71 on the astrocytoma cell line in the presence of IL1β and TNFα

Livianna Speciale, Stefania Ruzzante, Elena Calabrese, Marina Saresella, Donatella Taramelli, Claudio Mariani, Laura Bava, Renato Longhi, Pasquale Ferrante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The modulation of CD44, VCAM-1 and CD71 expression was analysed by flow cytometry in the 1321N1 astrocytoma cell line in the presence of interleukin-1β (IL1β), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and 1-40 or 25-35 β-amyloid (Aβ) fragments. The percentage of 1321N1 astrocytoma cell line expressing these markers increased significantly after treatment with TNFα or IL1β. The presence of Aβ 1-40 fragment, alone or in combination with IL1β, induced an increase in the percentage of cells expressing CD44, but not VCAM-1. However, the concomitant presence of Aβ 1-40 fragment and of IL1β or TNFα caused an increase in the percentage of CD71 positive cells. In contrast, the shorter Aβ 25-35 fragment was always inactive. These results indicates that Aβ 1-40 fragment, in association with cytokines, can activate this astrocyte-derived cell line and add further elements in favour of the hypothesis that β-amyloid can act as immunological mediator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-195
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume196
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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