1,4-Dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers inhibit plasma and LDL oxidation and formation of oxidation-specific epitopes in the arterial wall and prolong survival in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats

Claudio Napoli, Salvatore Salomone, Teophile Godfraind, Wulf Palinski, David M. Capuzzi, Giuseppe Palumbo, Francesco P. D'Armiento, Renato Donzelli, Filomena De Nigris, Robert L. Capizzi, Mario Mancini, Joseph S. Gonnella, Alfredo Bianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) reduce systolic blood pressure and stroke-related mortality in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SPSHR). Brain ischemia is associated with loss of intracellular antioxidants. Increased formation of oxygen radicals and oxidation of LDL may enhance arterial vasoconstriction by various mechanisms. CCBs that also exert antioxidative properties in vitro may therefore be particularly useful. To investigate such antioxidant effects in vivo, we determined several parameters of LDL oxidation in SPSHR treated with two 1,4- dihydropyridine-type (1,4-DHP) CCBs of different lipophilic properties and compared them with antioxidant-treated and untreated controls. We also tested whether these drugs decrease the formation of oxidation-specific epitopes in arteries. Methods - Five groups of 9 to 14 SPSHR each (aged 8 weeks) were treated with 80 mg/kg body wt per day nifedipine, 1 mg or 0.3 mg/kg body wt per day lacidipine, vitamin E (100 IU/d), or carrier for 5 weeks. A group of Wistar-Kyoto rats was used as normotensive control. Plasma samples were taken, and LDL was isolated by ultracentrifugation. Then LDL was exposed to oxygen radicals generated by xanthine/xanthine oxidase reaction (2 mmol/L xanthine+100 mU/mL xanthine oxidase), and several parameters of oxidation were determined. The presence of native apolipoprotein B and oxidation- specific epitopes in the carotid and middle cerebral arteries was determined immunocytochemically. Results - 1,4-DHP CCBs completely prevented mortality. Normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats showed less oxidation than control SPSHR. Plasma lipoperoxide levels were 0.87±0.27 μmol/L in control SPSHR, 0.69±0.19 and 0.63±0.20 μmol/L in the groups treated with 0.3 and 1 mg lacidipine, respectively, and 0.68±0.23 μmol/L in nifedipine-treated animals (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1907-1915
Number of pages9
JournalStroke
Volume30
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Oxygen radical
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)

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