16p subtelomeric duplication: A clinically recognizable syndrome

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Abstract

We report on two patients with duplication of the subterminal region of chromosome 16p (dup16p) recognized by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) telomere analysis, presenting with closely overlapping facial features and neurological impairment. Distinct facial anomalies included high forehead, sparse eyebrows, blepharophimosis, short nose, everted upper lip, high-arched palate, wide-spaced teeth, and cupped anteverted ears. Susceptibility to vascular anomalies, in particular pulmonary hypertension and portal cavernoma, was found in one patient. Subtelomeric analysis by FISH demonstrated a de novo duplication of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q in case 1, and duplication of the subtelomeric region of 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of 21q, resulting from malsegregation of a balanced maternal traslocation t(16pter;21qter) in case 2. The extension of duplicated regions measured by array-comparative genome hybridization was about 12Mb on 16p13.3p13.13 in case 1, and about 8.5Mb on 16p13.3p13.2 in case 2. In conclusion, we reported a clinically recognizable disorder in two patients with dup16p. Pulmonary hypertension, vascular ring, and manifestations of vascular disruption, as terminal hypoplasia of hands and aplasia cutis, have been previously described in association with dup16p. Thus, susceptibility to pulmonary vascular disease and other vascular anomalies can be a feature of dup16p, suggesting that this subtelomeric region in some respect could be related to vascular anomalies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1140
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Blood Vessels
Chromosomes
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
Pulmonary Hypertension
Blepharophimosis
Eyebrows
Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Forehead
Palate
Telomere
Lip
Vascular Diseases
Nose
Lung Diseases
Ear
Tooth
Hand
Mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

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title = "16p subtelomeric duplication: A clinically recognizable syndrome",
abstract = "We report on two patients with duplication of the subterminal region of chromosome 16p (dup16p) recognized by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) telomere analysis, presenting with closely overlapping facial features and neurological impairment. Distinct facial anomalies included high forehead, sparse eyebrows, blepharophimosis, short nose, everted upper lip, high-arched palate, wide-spaced teeth, and cupped anteverted ears. Susceptibility to vascular anomalies, in particular pulmonary hypertension and portal cavernoma, was found in one patient. Subtelomeric analysis by FISH demonstrated a de novo duplication of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q in case 1, and duplication of the subtelomeric region of 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of 21q, resulting from malsegregation of a balanced maternal traslocation t(16pter;21qter) in case 2. The extension of duplicated regions measured by array-comparative genome hybridization was about 12Mb on 16p13.3p13.13 in case 1, and about 8.5Mb on 16p13.3p13.2 in case 2. In conclusion, we reported a clinically recognizable disorder in two patients with dup16p. Pulmonary hypertension, vascular ring, and manifestations of vascular disruption, as terminal hypoplasia of hands and aplasia cutis, have been previously described in association with dup16p. Thus, susceptibility to pulmonary vascular disease and other vascular anomalies can be a feature of dup16p, suggesting that this subtelomeric region in some respect could be related to vascular anomalies.",
author = "Digilio, {Maria Cristina} and Laura Bernardini and Anna Capalbo and Rossella Capolino and Gagliardi, {Maria Giulia} and Bruno Marino and Antonio Novelli and Bruno Dallapiccola",
year = "2009",
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volume = "17",
pages = "1135--1140",
journal = "European Journal of Human Genetics",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - 16p subtelomeric duplication

T2 - A clinically recognizable syndrome

AU - Digilio, Maria Cristina

AU - Bernardini, Laura

AU - Capalbo, Anna

AU - Capolino, Rossella

AU - Gagliardi, Maria Giulia

AU - Marino, Bruno

AU - Novelli, Antonio

AU - Dallapiccola, Bruno

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - We report on two patients with duplication of the subterminal region of chromosome 16p (dup16p) recognized by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) telomere analysis, presenting with closely overlapping facial features and neurological impairment. Distinct facial anomalies included high forehead, sparse eyebrows, blepharophimosis, short nose, everted upper lip, high-arched palate, wide-spaced teeth, and cupped anteverted ears. Susceptibility to vascular anomalies, in particular pulmonary hypertension and portal cavernoma, was found in one patient. Subtelomeric analysis by FISH demonstrated a de novo duplication of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q in case 1, and duplication of the subtelomeric region of 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of 21q, resulting from malsegregation of a balanced maternal traslocation t(16pter;21qter) in case 2. The extension of duplicated regions measured by array-comparative genome hybridization was about 12Mb on 16p13.3p13.13 in case 1, and about 8.5Mb on 16p13.3p13.2 in case 2. In conclusion, we reported a clinically recognizable disorder in two patients with dup16p. Pulmonary hypertension, vascular ring, and manifestations of vascular disruption, as terminal hypoplasia of hands and aplasia cutis, have been previously described in association with dup16p. Thus, susceptibility to pulmonary vascular disease and other vascular anomalies can be a feature of dup16p, suggesting that this subtelomeric region in some respect could be related to vascular anomalies.

AB - We report on two patients with duplication of the subterminal region of chromosome 16p (dup16p) recognized by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) telomere analysis, presenting with closely overlapping facial features and neurological impairment. Distinct facial anomalies included high forehead, sparse eyebrows, blepharophimosis, short nose, everted upper lip, high-arched palate, wide-spaced teeth, and cupped anteverted ears. Susceptibility to vascular anomalies, in particular pulmonary hypertension and portal cavernoma, was found in one patient. Subtelomeric analysis by FISH demonstrated a de novo duplication of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q in case 1, and duplication of the subtelomeric region of 16p and a deletion of the subtelomeric region of 21q, resulting from malsegregation of a balanced maternal traslocation t(16pter;21qter) in case 2. The extension of duplicated regions measured by array-comparative genome hybridization was about 12Mb on 16p13.3p13.13 in case 1, and about 8.5Mb on 16p13.3p13.2 in case 2. In conclusion, we reported a clinically recognizable disorder in two patients with dup16p. Pulmonary hypertension, vascular ring, and manifestations of vascular disruption, as terminal hypoplasia of hands and aplasia cutis, have been previously described in association with dup16p. Thus, susceptibility to pulmonary vascular disease and other vascular anomalies can be a feature of dup16p, suggesting that this subtelomeric region in some respect could be related to vascular anomalies.

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