18[F]FDG small animal PET study of sorafenib efficacy in lymphoma preclinical models

V. Ambrosini, C. Quarta, P. L. Zinzani, C. Nanni, M. Fini, P. Torricelli, G. Giavaresi, A. D'Errico-Grigioni, D. Malvi, R. Franchi, S. Fanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim. Kinase inhibitors have been proposed as novel therapeutic agents in different forms of solid tumours. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, for advanced renal carcinoma and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. On-going studies are investigating the efficacy of Sorafenib in other solid tumours such as melanoma and non-small cells lung carcinoma and pre-clinical models showed the efficacy of treatment with Sorafenib in murine models of renal cells carcinoma, breast cancer, colon carcinoma and melanoma. To our knowledge, Sorafenib has never been employed in human lymphoma. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of Sorafenib in murine models of human anaplastic large cells lymphoma (ALCL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HD). Methods. Sorafenib cytotoxicity was assessed in vitro and growth inhibition (IC50) was calculated. Cells were assayed for Caspase-3 to measure apoptosis. Human ALCL and HD xenografts in NOD/SCID mice were monitored by small animal positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) over time. Tumour bearing animals were randomly selected to receive treatment with Sorafenib or no treatment. Pathology was available in all cases. Results. Sorafenib efficacy on cells proliferation and apoptosis (IC50: HD=0.0343mg/L; ALCL=0.319 mg/L) was confirmed in vitro. Caspase-3 production showed a dose-dependent trend reaching significantly higher values for 0.046mg/L and 0.465mg/L drug concentrations in both cell lines. In vivo experiments showed a progressive increase of tumour lesions metabolism and dimensions regardless treatment. Conclusion. Sorafenib showed a good citotoxic effect in vitro especially on human HD cell line, but these findings were not confirmed in vivo. The strong discrepancy between in vitro and in vivo results suggests that further studies are needed to better acknowledge the biodistribution and metabolism of Sorafenib in NOD/SCID mice. Factors influencing drug availability at tumour site or differences in the downstream pathways may be responsible for the scarse effect of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-697
Number of pages9
JournalQuarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010


  • Animals
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Lymphoma
  • Positron-emission tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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