2017 Position Paper of the Italian Society for Cardiovascular Prevention (SIPREC) for an Updated Clinical Management of Hypercholesterolemia and Cardiovascular Risk: Executive Document

Massimo Volpe, Roberto Volpe, Giovanna Gallo, Vivianne Presta, Giuliano Tocci, Emanuela Folco, Andrea Peracino, Elena Tremoli, Bruno Trimarco, On behalf of the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Prevention (SIPREC) Writing Committee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The benefits achieved by implementing cardiovascular prevention strategies in terms of reduced incidence of atherosclerotic diseases and mortality are accepted, worldwide. In particular, the clinical management of hypercholesterolemia has a fundamental role for all preventive strategies, both in primary and secondary prevention, at each stage of cardiovascular risk. Since the net clinical benefit of lipid-lowering therapy largely depends on baseline individual cardiovascular risk profile, the assessment of individual risk is essential to establish type and intensity of both preventive and therapeutic strategies. Thus, the real challenge in a setting of clinical practice is not only to identify whom to treat among individuals at low-to-moderate risk, but mostly how much and how long to treat high or very-high risk patients. This manuscript, which reflects concepts and positions that have been published in a more extensive document of the Italian Society for Cardiovascular Prevention (SIPREC), deals with the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with dyslipidaemia, with an evidence-based approach adapted and updated from recent guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology and very recent results of randomized clinical trials. The purpose is to suggest a multidimensional and integrated actions aimed at eliminating or minimizing the impact of cardiovascular diseases and their related disabilities and mortality in patients with hypercholesterolemia.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)313-329
Number of pages17
JournalHigh Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Cardiovascular prevention, Dyslipidaemia, Familial hypercholesterolemia, Lipid-lowering drugs, PCSK9 inhibitors, Statins

Cite this