2021 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure

Theresa A. McDonagh, Marco Metra, Marianna Adamo, Roy S. Gardner, Andreas Baumbach, Michael Böhm, Haran Burri, Javed Butler, Jelena Celutkiene, Ovidiu Chioncel, John G.F. Cleland, Andrew J.S. Coats, Maria G. Crespo-Leiro, Dimitrios Farmakis, Martine Gilard, Stephane Heymans, Arno W Hoes, Tiny Jaarsma, Ewa A Jankowska, Mitja LainscakCarolyn S P Lam, Alexander R Lyon, John J V McMurray, Alexandre Mebazaa, Richard Mindham, Claudio Muneretto, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Susanna Price, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Frank Ruschitzka, Anne Kathrine Skibelund

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3599-3726
Number of pages128
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2021


  • acute heart failure
  • advanced heart failure
  • arrhythmias
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • comorbidities
  • diagnosis
  • ejection fraction
  • Guidelines
  • heart failure
  • hospitalization
  • mechanical circulatory support
  • multidisciplinary management
  • natriuretic peptides
  • neuro-hormonal antagonists
  • pharmacotherapy
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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