Exposure to environmental contaminants, like 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p- dioxin (TCDD), leads to an increased susceptibility to infectious agents. Infection of bovine cells (MDBK) with Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) anticipates virus-induced apoptosis, suggesting an involvement of TCDD in virus infection. Herein we analyzed the effects of TCDD on apoptotic pathway in MDBK cells infected with BHV-1. After 12 h of infection, TCDD induced a significant increase in apoptotic cells. TCDD caused a dose-dependent up-regulation and anticipated activation of caspases 3, 8 and 9, with respect to unexposed groups. TCDD anticipated cleavage of PARP, compared to controls. Furthermore TCDD increased Bax and Bid levels, and decreased Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL levels. Such events took place earlier in exposed than unexposed cells. These results showed that TCDD influences BHV-1 induced apoptosis through members of Bcl-2 family and up-regulating activation of caspases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology