25-hydroxy vitamin D levels in healthy premenopausal women: Association with bone turnover markers and bone mineral density

Silvano Adami, Francesco Bertoldo, Vania Braga, Elena Fracassi, Davide Gatti, Giorgio Gandolini, Salvatore Minisola, Giovanni Battista Rini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Vitamin D deficiency is very common in elderly people while there are very few reports on its incidence, determinants and metabolic consequences in young subjects. Results: In 608 young healthy premenopausal women participating in the BONTURNO study, levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] below 20 ng/ml were found in almost a third of the women. Its levels were inversely (P <0.001) related with age and body mass index (BMI kg/m2) and directly with sunlight exposure during the summer time, and latitude: i.e. the higher the latitude over Italy, the higher the 25(OH)D level. In women on contraceptive pill the mean 25(OH)D level was significantly increased even when the data were adjusted for age, BMI and sun exposure. 25(OH)D levels, adjusted for age and BMI, were significantly and positively related with serum C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen, serum phosphate and spine bone mineral density (BMD) and negatively with serum PTH, serum magnesium, serum bone alkaline phosphatase (bone AP). Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is rather common in young otherwise healthy Italian women and particularly among those living in the Southern part of the country. The most close determinants of vitamin D deficiency were BMI and sunlight exposure. Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with low spine BMD and increased bone AP even in young individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-426
Number of pages4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009


  • Bone mineral density
  • Bone turnover markers
  • Premenopausal women
  • Secondary hyperparathyroidism
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Histology


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