2p15-p16.1 microdeletion syndrome: Molecular characterization and association of the OTX1 and XPO1 genes with autism spectrum disorders

Xudong Liu, Patrick Malenfant, Chelsea Reesor, Alana Lee, Melissa L. Hudson, Chansonette Harvard, Ying Qiao, Antonio M. Persico, Ira L. Cohen, Albert E. Chudley, Cynthia Forster-Gibson, Evica Rajcan-Separovic, Me Suzanne Lewis, Jeanette J A Holden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Reports of unrelated individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and similar clinical features having overlapping de novo interstitial deletions at 2p15-p16.1 suggest that this region harbors a gene(s) important to the development of autism. We molecularly characterized two such deletions, selecting two genes in this region, exportin 1 (XPO1) and orthodenticle homolog 1 (OTX1) for association studies in three North American cohorts (Autism Spectrum Disorder - Canadian American Research Consortium (ASD-CARC), New York, and Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE)) and one Italian cohort (Societ Italiana per la Ricerca e la Formazione sullAutismo (SIRFA)) of families with ASD. In XPO1, rs6735330 was associated with autism in all four cohorts (P0.05), being significant in ASD-CARC cohorts (P-value following false discovery rate correction for multiple testing (P FDR)1.29 × 10 5), the AGRE cohort (P FDR 0.0011) and the combined families (P FDR 2.34 × 10 9). Similarly, in OTX1, rs2018650 and rs13000344 were associated with autism in ASD-CARC cohorts (P FDR 8.65 × 10 7 and 6.07 × 10 5, respectively), AGRE cohort (P FDR 0.0034 and 0.015, respectively) and the combined families (P FDR 2.34 × 10 9 and 0.00017, respectively); associations were marginal or insignificant in the New York and SIRFA cohorts. A significant association (P FDR 2.63 × 10 11) was found for the rs2018650G-rs13000344C haplotype. The above three SNPs were associated with severity of social interaction and verbal communication deficits and repetitive behaviors (P-values 0.01). No additional deletions were identified following screening of 798 ASD individuals. Our results indicate that deletion 2p15-p16.1 is not commonly associated with idiopathic ASD, but represents a novel contiguous gene syndrome associated with a constellation of phenotypic features (autism, intellectual disability, craniofacial/CNS dysmorphology), and that XPO1 and OXT1 may contribute to ASD in 2p15-p16.1 deletion cases and non-deletion cases of ASD mapping to this chromosome region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1264-1270
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • array comparative genomic hybridization
  • autism
  • exportin 1 gene
  • orthodenticle homolog 1 gene
  • real-time quantitative PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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    Liu, X., Malenfant, P., Reesor, C., Lee, A., Hudson, M. L., Harvard, C., Qiao, Y., Persico, A. M., Cohen, I. L., Chudley, A. E., Forster-Gibson, C., Rajcan-Separovic, E., Lewis, M. S., & Holden, J. J. A. (2011). 2p15-p16.1 microdeletion syndrome: Molecular characterization and association of the OTX1 and XPO1 genes with autism spectrum disorders. European Journal of Human Genetics, 19(12), 1264-1270. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2011.112