[-2]proPSA versus ultrasensitive PSA fluctuations over time in the first year from radical prostatectomy, in an high-risk prostate cancer population: A first report

S. De Luca, R. Passera, A. Sottile, C. Fiori, R. M. Scarpa, F. Porpiglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: [-2]proPSA and its derivatives have an higher diagnostic accuracy than PSA in predicting prostate cancer (PCa). In alternative to PSA, ultrasensitive PSA (uPSA) and [-2]proPSA could be potentially useful in recurrent disease detection. This research focused on [-2]proPSA and uPSA fluctuations over time and their possible clinical and pathological determinants, in the first year after RP. Methods: A cohort of 106 consecutive patients, undergoing RP for high-risk prostate cancer (pT3/pT4 and/or positive margins), was enrolled. No patient received either preoperative/postoperative androgen deprivation therapy or immediate adjuvant RT, this latter for patient choice. [-2]proPSA and uPSA were measured at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 months after RP; their trends over time were estimated by the mixed-effects linear model. The uPSA relapse was defined either as 3 rising uPSA values after nadir or 2 consecutive uPSA >0.2 ng/ml after RP. Results: The biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate at 1 year after RP was either 38.6 % (in case of 3 rising uPSA values) or 34.9 % (in case of PSA >0.2 ng/ml after nadir), respectively. The main risk factors for uPSA fluctuations over time were PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.014), pT (p = 0.038) and pN staging (p = 0.001). In turn, PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.012) and pN (p < 0.001) were the main determinants for [-2]proPSA trend over time. In a 39 patients subgroup, uPSA decreased from month 1 to 3, while [-2]proPSA increased in 90 % of them; subsequently, both uPSA and [-2]proPSA increased in almost all cases. The [-2]proPSA trend over time was independent from BCR status either in the whole cohort as well in the 39 men subgroup. Conclusions: Both uPSA and [-2]proPSA had independent significant fluctuations over time. PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml and pathological staging significantly modified both these trends over time. Since BCR was not confirmed as determinant of [-2]proPSA fluctuations, its use as marker of early biochemical relapse may not be actually recommended, in an high-risk prostate cancer patients population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131
JournalBMC Urology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 24 2016

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Prostatectomy
Prostatic Neoplasms
Recurrence
Population
Androgens
Linear Models
Biomarkers
Research
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • (-2)pro-prostate-specific antigen
  • Biochemical recurrence
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate-specific antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology

Cite this

[-2]proPSA versus ultrasensitive PSA fluctuations over time in the first year from radical prostatectomy, in an high-risk prostate cancer population : A first report. / De Luca, S.; Passera, R.; Sottile, A.; Fiori, C.; Scarpa, R. M.; Porpiglia, F.

In: BMC Urology, Vol. 16, No. 1, 131, 24.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f638f0d9955949678215b34d7823ba17,
title = "[-2]proPSA versus ultrasensitive PSA fluctuations over time in the first year from radical prostatectomy, in an high-risk prostate cancer population: A first report",
abstract = "Background: [-2]proPSA and its derivatives have an higher diagnostic accuracy than PSA in predicting prostate cancer (PCa). In alternative to PSA, ultrasensitive PSA (uPSA) and [-2]proPSA could be potentially useful in recurrent disease detection. This research focused on [-2]proPSA and uPSA fluctuations over time and their possible clinical and pathological determinants, in the first year after RP. Methods: A cohort of 106 consecutive patients, undergoing RP for high-risk prostate cancer (pT3/pT4 and/or positive margins), was enrolled. No patient received either preoperative/postoperative androgen deprivation therapy or immediate adjuvant RT, this latter for patient choice. [-2]proPSA and uPSA were measured at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 months after RP; their trends over time were estimated by the mixed-effects linear model. The uPSA relapse was defined either as 3 rising uPSA values after nadir or 2 consecutive uPSA >0.2 ng/ml after RP. Results: The biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate at 1 year after RP was either 38.6 {\%} (in case of 3 rising uPSA values) or 34.9 {\%} (in case of PSA >0.2 ng/ml after nadir), respectively. The main risk factors for uPSA fluctuations over time were PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.014), pT (p = 0.038) and pN staging (p = 0.001). In turn, PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.012) and pN (p < 0.001) were the main determinants for [-2]proPSA trend over time. In a 39 patients subgroup, uPSA decreased from month 1 to 3, while [-2]proPSA increased in 90 {\%} of them; subsequently, both uPSA and [-2]proPSA increased in almost all cases. The [-2]proPSA trend over time was independent from BCR status either in the whole cohort as well in the 39 men subgroup. Conclusions: Both uPSA and [-2]proPSA had independent significant fluctuations over time. PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml and pathological staging significantly modified both these trends over time. Since BCR was not confirmed as determinant of [-2]proPSA fluctuations, its use as marker of early biochemical relapse may not be actually recommended, in an high-risk prostate cancer patients population.",
keywords = "(-2)pro-prostate-specific antigen, Biochemical recurrence, Prostate cancer, Prostate-specific antigen",
author = "{De Luca}, S. and R. Passera and A. Sottile and C. Fiori and Scarpa, {R. M.} and F. Porpiglia",
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T1 - [-2]proPSA versus ultrasensitive PSA fluctuations over time in the first year from radical prostatectomy, in an high-risk prostate cancer population

T2 - A first report

AU - De Luca, S.

AU - Passera, R.

AU - Sottile, A.

AU - Fiori, C.

AU - Scarpa, R. M.

AU - Porpiglia, F.

PY - 2016/3/24

Y1 - 2016/3/24

N2 - Background: [-2]proPSA and its derivatives have an higher diagnostic accuracy than PSA in predicting prostate cancer (PCa). In alternative to PSA, ultrasensitive PSA (uPSA) and [-2]proPSA could be potentially useful in recurrent disease detection. This research focused on [-2]proPSA and uPSA fluctuations over time and their possible clinical and pathological determinants, in the first year after RP. Methods: A cohort of 106 consecutive patients, undergoing RP for high-risk prostate cancer (pT3/pT4 and/or positive margins), was enrolled. No patient received either preoperative/postoperative androgen deprivation therapy or immediate adjuvant RT, this latter for patient choice. [-2]proPSA and uPSA were measured at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 months after RP; their trends over time were estimated by the mixed-effects linear model. The uPSA relapse was defined either as 3 rising uPSA values after nadir or 2 consecutive uPSA >0.2 ng/ml after RP. Results: The biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate at 1 year after RP was either 38.6 % (in case of 3 rising uPSA values) or 34.9 % (in case of PSA >0.2 ng/ml after nadir), respectively. The main risk factors for uPSA fluctuations over time were PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.014), pT (p = 0.038) and pN staging (p = 0.001). In turn, PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.012) and pN (p < 0.001) were the main determinants for [-2]proPSA trend over time. In a 39 patients subgroup, uPSA decreased from month 1 to 3, while [-2]proPSA increased in 90 % of them; subsequently, both uPSA and [-2]proPSA increased in almost all cases. The [-2]proPSA trend over time was independent from BCR status either in the whole cohort as well in the 39 men subgroup. Conclusions: Both uPSA and [-2]proPSA had independent significant fluctuations over time. PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml and pathological staging significantly modified both these trends over time. Since BCR was not confirmed as determinant of [-2]proPSA fluctuations, its use as marker of early biochemical relapse may not be actually recommended, in an high-risk prostate cancer patients population.

AB - Background: [-2]proPSA and its derivatives have an higher diagnostic accuracy than PSA in predicting prostate cancer (PCa). In alternative to PSA, ultrasensitive PSA (uPSA) and [-2]proPSA could be potentially useful in recurrent disease detection. This research focused on [-2]proPSA and uPSA fluctuations over time and their possible clinical and pathological determinants, in the first year after RP. Methods: A cohort of 106 consecutive patients, undergoing RP for high-risk prostate cancer (pT3/pT4 and/or positive margins), was enrolled. No patient received either preoperative/postoperative androgen deprivation therapy or immediate adjuvant RT, this latter for patient choice. [-2]proPSA and uPSA were measured at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 months after RP; their trends over time were estimated by the mixed-effects linear model. The uPSA relapse was defined either as 3 rising uPSA values after nadir or 2 consecutive uPSA >0.2 ng/ml after RP. Results: The biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate at 1 year after RP was either 38.6 % (in case of 3 rising uPSA values) or 34.9 % (in case of PSA >0.2 ng/ml after nadir), respectively. The main risk factors for uPSA fluctuations over time were PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.014), pT (p = 0.038) and pN staging (p = 0.001). In turn, PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml (p = 0.012) and pN (p < 0.001) were the main determinants for [-2]proPSA trend over time. In a 39 patients subgroup, uPSA decreased from month 1 to 3, while [-2]proPSA increased in 90 % of them; subsequently, both uPSA and [-2]proPSA increased in almost all cases. The [-2]proPSA trend over time was independent from BCR status either in the whole cohort as well in the 39 men subgroup. Conclusions: Both uPSA and [-2]proPSA had independent significant fluctuations over time. PSA at diagnosis >8 ng/ml and pathological staging significantly modified both these trends over time. Since BCR was not confirmed as determinant of [-2]proPSA fluctuations, its use as marker of early biochemical relapse may not be actually recommended, in an high-risk prostate cancer patients population.

KW - (-2)pro-prostate-specific antigen

KW - Biochemical recurrence

KW - Prostate cancer

KW - Prostate-specific antigen

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U2 - 10.1186/s12894-016-0131-0

DO - 10.1186/s12894-016-0131-0

M3 - Article

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VL - 16

JO - BMC Urology

JF - BMC Urology

SN - 1471-2490

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