3-Deazaguanine: Report of a phase I trial and drug-related cardiac toxicity

Kim Margolin, James Doroshow, Lucille Leong, Steven Akman, Brian Carr, Oluwole Odujinrin, Bridget Flanagan, William Grove, Robert DeLap, David Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

3-Deazaguanine (Dezaguanine), a purine antimetabolite, was evaluated in a phase I trial in 42 patients with advanced solid tumors. Dezaguanine was given as a weekly intravenous infusion for three consecutive weeks of a four-week cycle. The dose ranged from 30 to 2000 mg/m2; no consistent dose-limiting hematologic or gastrointestinal toxicity was observed. Some patients reported brief episodes of burning at the infusion site or transient facial flushing immediately following the administration of dezaguanine. Three patients experienced cardiac toxicity. Two patients, at doses of 1130 and 2000 mg/m2 respectively, developed congestive heart failure. In one case the heart failure was fatal; the second patient recovered within 8 weeks. The third patient had a progressive fall in left ventricular ejection fraction but did not develop clinical evidence of heart failure before his death from progressive cancer two months later. Postmortem cardiac pathology in the two patients who died early following therapy revealed nonspecific interstitial fibrosis without inflammatory cell infiltrates. The myocardium of the third patient, who died 20 months after receiving dezaguanine, was normal. Electron microscopic analysis of myocardium from the first patient did not show myofibrillar loss or mitochondrial disorganization characteristic of anthracycline cardiomyopathy. Due to the probable cardiotoxicity of dezaguanine in this study and the lack of objective antitumor response, further development of this agent has been discontinued.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1990

Keywords

  • 3-deazaguanine
  • cardiotoxicity
  • dezaguanine
  • phase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Molecular Medicine

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