3-(Fur-2-yl)-10-(2-phenylethyl)-[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)- one, a novel adenosine receptor antagonist with A2A-mediated neuroprotective effects

Alessia Scatena, Francesco Fornai, Maria Letizia Trincavelli, Sabrina Taliani, Simona Daniele, Isabella Pugliesi, Sandro Cosconati, Claudia Martini, Federico Da Settimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, compound FTBI (3-(2-furyl)-10-(2-phenylethyl)[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)-one) was selected from a small library of triazinobenzimidazole derivatives as a potent A2Aadenosine receptor (AR) antagonist and tested for its neuroprotective effects against two different kinds of dopaminergic neurotoxins, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) and methamphetamine (METH), in rat PC12 and in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell lines. FTBI, in a concentration range corresponding to its affinity for A2AAR subtype, significantly increased the number of viable PC12 cells after their exposure to METHand, to a similar extent, to MPP+, as demonstrated in both trypan blue exclusion assay and in cytological staining. These neuroprotective effects were also observed with a classical A2AAR antagonist, ZM241385, and appeared to be completely counteracted by the AR agonist, NECA, supporting A2AARs are directly involved in FTBI-mediated effects. Similarly, in human SH-SY5Y cells, FTBI was able to prevent cell toxicity induced by MPP+ and METH, showing that this A2AAR antagonist has a neuroprotective effect independently by the specific cell model. Altogether these results demonstrate that the A2AAR blockade mediates cell protection against neurotoxicity induced by dopaminergic neurotoxins in dopamine containing cells, supporting the potential use of A2AAR antagonists in dopaminergic degenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-535
Number of pages10
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 10 2011


  • AAR antagonists
  • Cell viability
  • Human neuroblastoma cells
  • Neuroprotection
  • Neurotoxins
  • PC12 cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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