We report on a child with a clinical and neuroradiological picture consistent with Leigh disease and an unusual association of isolated hypermethioninaemia and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. A low-methionine diet normalized both plasma methionine and urine 3-methylglutaconic acid; a methionine-loading test led to significant increase of both metabolites. In the skin fibroblasts the activity of 3-methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase was essentially normal. No explanation of this uncommon association of hypermethioninaemia and glutaconic aciduria is available. The possibility of a common transporter for 3-methylglutaconic acid and methionine is an attractive hypothesis.
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