31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) is a non-invasive tool to study high-energy phosphate (HEP) metabolism. We evaluate whether 31P-MRS can detect early changes in kidney HEP metabolism during a 6-month trial with Valsartan. Twenty consecutive stable and normotensive kidney-transplanted patients were enrolled. Nine of them received short-term low-dose Valsartan treatment (80 mg/day) for 6 months, while 11 controls received no medication. Kidney HEP metabolism was evaluated both at baseline and after treatment by 31P-MRS with a 1.5 T system (Gyroscan Intera Master 1.5 MR System; Philips Medical Systems, Best, The Netherlands). Valsartan-treated patients (n = 9) showed a significant increase in β-ATP/Pi ratio, a marker of kidney HEP metabolism (baseline = 1.03 ± 0.08 vs. 6 months = 1.26 ± 0.07, p = 0.03). In contrast, the β-ATP/Pi ratio in the control group (n = 11) did not change (baseline = 0.85 ± 0.10 vs. 6 months = 0.89 ± 0.08, ns). The improvement in the β-ATP/Pi ratio was not associated with a reduction in arterial blood pressure or in urinary albumin excretion. Kidney-localized 31P-MRS can detect early changes in kidney HEP metabolism during a short-term low-dose Valsartan treatment in stable normotensive kidney-transplanted patients.
- Angiotensin receptor antagonists
- Kidney spectroscopy
- Kidney transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism