3D cephalometry on reduced FOV CBCT: skeletal class assessment through AF-BF on Frankfurt plane—validity and reliability through comparison with 2D measurements

Marco Farronato, Cinzia Maspero, Andrea Abate, Cristina Grippaudo, Stephen Thaddeus Connelly, Gianluca Martino Tartaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives: To test the validity of a novel protocol for 3D sagittal jaw discrepancy assessment (skeletal class determination) through comparison with common 2D indexes by the use of reduced FOV (10 × 10) CBCT which shows at least from the Frankfurt plane to the B point vertically, and from the most anterior between A and B point to Po point horizontally. Methods: A sample of CBCT scans of 109 adult patients (46 females; 63 males; mean age 30 years ± 11.6) equally distributed between I, II and III class was selected. Skeletal class was evaluated with specific software using the distance of A and B point’s projection (AF-BF) on FHp (Frankfurt horizontal plane) and compared to 2D common indexes (ANB and Witts appraisal). The validity and reliability of the aforementioned analyses were determined using intra-class correlation coefficients, quadratic weighted Cohen’s K and sensitivity. Result: A selected range of values of 2.5 ± 2.5 AF-BF showed a solid correlation with the ANB angle (r = 0.846, K = 0.838, p < 0.001) and moderate with Wits appraisal (r = 0.723, K = 0.720, p < 0.001). Conclusions: AF-BF showed high reliability in skeletal class determination on reduced FOV CBCT without the use of S and N cephalometric landmarks. Key Points: • Reduced FOV CT allows skeletal class determination for orthodontic purposes. • A new 3D-reduced FOV cephalometry is proposed. • AF-BF is a reliable alternative to ANB.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Radiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020



  • Anthropometry
  • Cephalometry
  • Cone beam computed tomography
  • Dental
  • Radiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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