3D-Printed Scaffolds and Biomaterials: Review of Alveolar Bone Augmentation and Periodontal Regeneration Applications

Farah Asaad, Giorgio Pagni, Sophia P. Pilipchuk, Aldo Bruno Giannì, William V. Giannobile, Giulio Rasperini

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

To ensure a successful dental implant therapy, the presence of adequate vertical and horizontal alveolar bone is fundamental. However, an insufficient amount of alveolar ridge in both dimensions is often encountered in dental practice due to the consequences of oral diseases and tooth loss. Although postextraction socket preservation has been adopted to lessen the need for such invasive approaches, it utilizes bone grafting materials, which have limitations that could negatively affect the quality of bone formation. To overcome the drawbacks of routinely employed grafting materials, bone graft substitutes such as 3D scaffolds have been recently investigated in the dental field. In this review, we highlight different biomaterials suitable for 3D scaffold fabrication, with a focus on "3D-printed" ones as bone graft substitutes that might be convenient for various applications related to implant therapy. We also briefly discuss their possible adoption for periodontal regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1239842
JournalInternational Journal of Dentistry
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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