45,X maleness: Clinical and cytogenetic features in two patients

E. Dati, A. Valetto, V. Bertini, E. Chiocca, G. I. Baroncelli, R. Battini, S. Bertelloni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


45,X maleness is a very rare disorder. We report on 2 new 45,X males aged 9 10/12 and 39 years, respectively. The boy presented for developmental delay, while the man was referred to us because of infertility. Both patients showed short stature (boy -2.29 SDS, man -4.05 SDS) and an unbalanced translocation of Yp, including SRY, onto the long arm of chromosome 10 and short arm of chromosome 14, respectively. The growth pattern of the 2 patients and literature data suggest the presence of a specific growth gene in the pericentrometric region of Yq. In addition, developmental delay in some 45,X males may be related to specific deletion of telomeric autosome regions, but involvement of gene(s) on the Y chromosome may play a role as well. Albeit in the boy inhibin B levels were in the normal range for age, azoospermia was demonstrated in the adult, supporting that infertility is a feature of adult 45,X men with AZFa-c deletion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
JournalSexual Development
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012


  • 45,X male
  • Infertility
  • Mental retardation
  • SRY
  • Statural growth
  • Y;autosome translocation
  • Yq deletion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Medicine(all)


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