45,X/46,X,i(Yp): Importance of Assessment and Support during Puberty and Adolescence

Rossella Gaudino, Evelina Maines, Fabiana Guizzardi, Valeria Vezzoli, Csilla Krausz, Paolo Cavarzere, Giorgio Piacentini, Franco Antoniazzi, Marco Bonomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Y-chromosome genes are primarily involved in sex determination, stature control, spermatogenesis, and fertility. Among structural rearrangements of the Y chromosome, the isochromosome of Yp, i(Yp), appears to be the most uncommon. We describe a detailed evolution of puberty in a boy with 45,X/46,X,i(Yp). Array CGH found 2 cell lines, one with i(Yp) and the other with monosomy X. Genetic analysis of currently known genes involved in Kallmann syndrome/normosomic central hypogonadotropic hypogonadism showed no abnormality. The patient presented with a pubertal course suggestive of a delayed puberty with gynecomastia, reduced growth rate, and infertility that need testosterone treatment to induce the appearance of the secondary sex characteristics. This patient shows the potential effects of i(Yp) and emphasizes the importance of appropriate management of puberty in people with 45,X/46,X,i(Yp). Early hormone treatment, concerns regarding fertility, emotional support, and a successful transition to adult care may help improve the physical and psychosocial well-being of affected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalSexual Development
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • 45,X/46,X,i(Yp)
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
  • Infertility
  • Puberty
  • Sexual development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology

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