4843delC of the BRCA1 gene is a possible founder mutation in Southern Italy (Sicily)

Antonio Russo, V. Calò, C. Augello, L. Bruno, V. Agnese, V. Schirò, F. Barbera, S. Cascio, E. Foddai, G. Badalamenti, C. Intrivici, M. Cajozzo, G. Gulotta, E. Surmacz, G. Colucci, N. Gebbia, V. Bazan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The frequency and the type of BRCA1 mutations vary widely and might have different geographic and ethnic distribution. Most of these alterations are generally found in isolated populations as a consequence of the founder effect. The object of this study was to determine whether 4843delC, a deleterious mutation of the BRCA1 gene, might be due to a founder effect originating in the Sicilian region of Italy. This mutation was described by us for the first time and identified in two unrelated Sicilian families with hereditary breast/ ovarian cancer. The two families were from the same geographical area (south-western area of Palermo, Sicily). The homogeneity of the ethnic group of the two families and the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNPs) analysis of probands led us to perform a study of the allelotype of the various members. Patients and methods: The analysis of the haplotype of the probands and of several family members was conducted by means of a study of the highly polymorphic microsatellites within or flanking the BRCA1 gene. Results: This analysis revealed the presence of a common allele associated with the mutation. Conclusions: We therefore conclude that 4843delC of the BRCA1 gene is a possible founder mutation in the Sicilian population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Issue numberSUPPL. 6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007


  • BRCA1 gene
  • Founder mutation
  • Genetic counseling
  • Haplotype analysis
  • Haplotype frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology
  • Cancer Research


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