Background. Hyperhomocysteinaemia is an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. In patients with chronic renal failure, the administration of folic acid or its metabolites reduces but does not normalize plasma homocysteine concentrations. Furthermore, homocysteine induces endothelial dysfunction by an increased inactivation of nitric oxide. Methods. We examined the effect of the active metabolite of folic acid, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), 45 mg/week i.v. for 10 weeks, combined during the last 2 weeks with vitamin B12, 500 μg s.c. twice weekly, on homocysteinaemia and endothelial function in 15 patients undergoing convective haemodialysis. Endothelial function was evaluated by B-mode ultrasonography on the brachial artery. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was recorded during reactive hyperaemia produced by inflation of a pneumatic tourniquet. Nitroglycerine-mediated dilation (NMD) was recorded after administration of isosorbide dinitrate. Finally, the presence of the thermolabile variant of methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (t-MTHFR) was assessed by genotype analysis. Results. Plasma homocysteine concentrations fell by 47% after treatment with 5-MTHF alone and by a further 13.6% after the addition of vitamin B12. The reduction was more marked in homo- and heterozygous patients than in normal genotypes for t-MTHFR. Flow-mediated endothelial vasodilation, measured by ultrasonography of the brachial artery, improved after administration of 5-MTHF (12.52 ± 2.47% vs 7.03 ± 1.65%; P <0.05), but there were no further changes following the addition of vitamin B12. Conclusions. Our study demonstrated that 5-MTHF administration not only reduced plasma homocysteine but also improved endothelial function in uraemic patients undergoing convective haemodialysis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Convective haemodialysis
- Endothelial function
- Plasma homocysteine
ASJC Scopus subject areas