8p23.2-pter microdeletions: Seven new cases narrowing the candidate region and review of the literature

Ilaria Catusi, Maria Garzo, Anna Paola Capra, Silvana Briuglia, Chiara Baldo, Maria Paola Canevini, Rachele Cantone, Flaviana Elia, Francesca Forzano, Ornella Galesi, Enrico Grosso, Michela Malacarne, Angela Peron, Corrado Romano, Monica Saccani, Lidia Larizza, Maria Paola Recalcati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To date only five patients with 8p23.2-pter microdeletions manifesting a mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment and/or developmental delay, dysmorphisms and neurobehavioral issues were reported. The smallest microdeletion described by Wu in 2010 suggested a critical region (CR) of 2.1 Mb including several genes, out of which FBXO25, DLGAP2, CLN8, ARHGEF10 and MYOM2 are the main candidates. Here we present seven additional patients with 8p23.2-pter microdeletions, ranging from 71.79 kb to 4.55 Mb. The review of five previously reported and nine Decipher patients confirmed the association of the CR with a variable clinical phenotype characterized by intellectual disability/developmental delay, including language and speech delay and/or motor impairment, behavioral anomalies, autism spectrum disorder, dysmorphisms, microcephaly, fingers/toes anomalies and epilepsy. Genotype analysis allowed to narrow down the 8p23.3 candidate region which includes only DLGAP2, CLN8 and ARHGEF10 genes, accounting for the main signs of the broad clinical phenotype associated to 8p23.2-pter microdeletions. This region is more restricted compared to the previously proposed CR. Overall, our data favor the hypothesis that DLGAP2 is the actual strongest candidate for neurodevelopmental/behavioral phenotypes. Additional patients will be necessary to validate the pathogenic role of DLGAP2 and better define how the two contiguous genes, ARHGEF10 and CLN8, might contribute to the clinical phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Article number652
JournalGenes
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • 8p23.2-pter microdeletion
  • 8p23.3
  • ARGHEF10
  • Behavior disorder
  • Candidate region
  • Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA)
  • Critical microdeletion region (CR)
  • Developmental delay
  • DLGAP2
  • Small deletions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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