A 20-year study of persistence of lower urinary tract symptoms and urinary incontinence in young women treated in childhood

F. Petrangeli, M. L. Capitanucci, A. Marciano, G. Mosiello, R. Alvaro, A. Zaccara, E. Finazzi-Agro, M. De Gennaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To determine whether urinary incontinence (UI) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) persist over years, patients treated for UI and LUTS in childhood were re-evaluated in adulthood. Materials and methods Forty-seven women (cases) treated in childhood for daytime UI/LUTS (group A) and nocturnal enuresis (group B) self-completed (average age: 24.89 ± 3.5 years) the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire for Female with LUTS (ICIQ-FLUTS). ICIQ-FLUTS was self-administered to 111 healthy women (average age: 23 ± 5.1 years) from a nursing school as a control group. Data obtained from ICIQ-FLUTS and quality of life (QoL) score (0-10) were compared (Fisher's exact test) between patients and controls, and between group A (n = 28) and group B (n = 19). Results Prevalence of LUTS was higher in patients than in controls. The difference between patients and controls was statistically significant (p = 0.0001) for UI (34% vs. 7%) and feeling of incomplete bladder emptying (49% vs. 28%). QoL score was >5 in 59% of patients and 1% of controls (p = 0.0001). No significant differences were found between groups A and B. Conclusions UI and LUTS are confirmed in young women who suffered for the same condition in childhood. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess if these symptoms persist or are newly onset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-445
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Lower urinary tract dysfunction
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

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