A 23-year study of mortality and development of co-morbidities in patients with obesity undergoing bariatric surgery (laparoscopic gastric banding) in comparison with medical treatment of obesity

Antonio E. Pontiroli, Ahmed S. Zakaria, Marco Fanchini, Chiara Osio, Elena Tagliabue, Giancarlo Micheletto, Alessandro Saibene, Franco Folli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aim: Several studies have shown that bariatric surgery reduces long term mortality compared to medical weight loss therapy. In a previous study we have demonstrated that gastric banding (LAGB) is associated with reduced mortality in patients with and without diabetes, and with reduced incidence of obesity co-morbidities (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer) at a 17 year follow-up. The aim of this study was to verify at a longer time interval (23 years) mortality and incidence of co-morbidities in patients undergoing LAGB or medical weight loss therapy. Patients and methods: As reported in the previous shorter-time study, medical records of obese patients [body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m2 undergoing LAGB (n = 385; 52 with diabetes) or medical treatment (controls, n = 681; 127 with diabetes), during the period 1995-2001 (visit 1)] were collected. Patients were matched for age, sex, BMI, and blood pressure. Identification codes of patients were entered in the Italian National Health System Lumbardy database, that contains life status, causes of death, as well as exemptions, prescriptions, and hospital admissions (proxies of diseases) from visit 1 to June 2018. Survival was compared across LAGB patients and matched controls using Kaplan-Meier plots adjusted Cox regression analyses. Results: Final observation period was 19.5 ± 1.87 years (13.4-23.5). Compared to controls, LAGB was associated with reduced mortality [HR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.33-0.80, p = 0.003], significant in patients with diabetes [HR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.22-0.94, p = 0.034], borderline significant in patients without diabetes [HR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.35-1.05, p = 0.076]. LAGB was associated with lower incidence of diabetes (15 vs 75 cases, p = 0.001), of CV diseases (61 vs 226 cases, p = 0.009), of cancer (10 vs 35, p = 0.01), and of renal diseases (0 vs 35, p = 0.001), and of hospital admissions (92 vs 377, p = 0.001). Conclusion: The preventive effect of LAGB on mortality is maintained up to 23 years, even with a decreased efficacy compared with the shorter-time study, while the preventive effect of LAGB on co-morbidities and on hospital admissions increases with time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161
JournalCardiovascular Diabetology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 29 2018

Keywords

  • Adjustable gastric banding
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cox proportional hazards model
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Exemptions
  • Hospital admissions
  • ICD10
  • Kaplan-Meier
  • Mortality
  • Obesity
  • Prevention of cardiovascular disease
  • Prevention of diabetes
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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