A 34-year longitudinal study on long-term cardiac outcomes in DM1 patients with normal ECG at baseline at an Italian clinical centre

Elisabetta Bucci, Marco Testa, Loretta Licchelli, Alessandra Frattari, Nadia Attalla El Halabieh, Erica Gabriele, Giulia Pignatelli, Tiziana De Santis, Laura Fionda, Fiammetta Vanoli, Stefania Morino, Matteo Garibaldi, Antonella Di Pasquale, Nicola Vanacore, Annalisa Botta, Giovanni Antonini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiac conduction and/or rhythm abnormalities (CCRA) are the most frequent and life-threatening complications in DM1. In order to determine prevalence, incidence, characteristics, age of onset and predictors of CCRA, CCRA progression and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in DM1, we collected ECG/24hECG-Holter data from a yearly updated 34-year database of a cohort of 103 DM1 patients without cardiac abnormalities at baseline, followed for at least 1 year. Fifty-five patients developed CCRA [39 developed conduction abnormalities (CCA) and 16 rhythm abnormalities (CRA)], which progressed in 22. Nine had SCD. Risk and incidence of CCRA amounted to 53.4 and 6.83% person-years (CCA: 37.9 and 4.8%; CRA 15.5 and 2%), respectively; risk and incidence of SCD amounted to 8.74 and 0.67% person-years, respectively. CTG expansion represented a predictor of CCRA incidence (HR 1.10, p = 0.04), CCRA progression (HR 1.28, p = 0.001) and SCD (HR 1.39, p = 0.002). MIRS progression during follow-up was associated with CCRA prevalence (OR 5.82, p = 0.004); older age and larger CTG expansion to SCD prevalence (OR 2.67, p = 0.012; OR 1.54, p = 0.005). Age of CCRA onset and CCRA progression was significantly lower in patients with larger CTG expansion and in those with MIRS progression. Age when SCD occurred was significantly lower in patients with larger CTG expansion. Amongst recorded cardiac abnormalities, both atrial flutter (OR 8.70; p = 0.031) and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (OR 8.67; p = 0.040) were associated with SCD. Although all DM1patients may develop cardiac abnormalities at any time in their life, patients older than 30 years with larger CTG expansion and MIRS progression in particular should be carefully monitored via periodical ECG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-895
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume265
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiac conduction and/or rhythm abnormalities
  • CTG expansion
  • Incidence
  • Myotonic dystrophy type 1
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Sudden cardiac death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A 34-year longitudinal study on long-term cardiac outcomes in DM1 patients with normal ECG at baseline at an Italian clinical centre'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this