A 3d-printed multi-chamber device allows culturing cells on buckypapers coated with pamam dendrimer and obtain innovative materials for biomedical applications

Alessandro Paolini, Giulia Battafarano, Valentina D’oria, Francesco Mura, Simona Sennato, Valentina Mussi, Roberta Risoluti, Stefano Materazzi, Andrea Del Fattore, Andrea Masotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The advent of 3D printing technology allowed the realization of custom devices that can be used not only in the everyday life but also in the nanotechnology and biomedical fields. In nanotechnology, the use of bi-dimensional nanostructures based on carbon nanotubes, generally referred as buckypapers, have received considerable attention for their versatility and potential application in many biomedical fields. Unfortunately, buckypapers are extremely hydrophobic and cannot be used in aqueous media to culture cells. Methods: A polymeric device able to accommodate buckypapers and facilitate cell growth was fabricated by using 3D printing technology. We imparted hydrophilicity to buckypapers by coating them with polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers. Results: We found that by using novel techniques such as polymer coating the buckypaper hydrophilicity increased, whereas the use of 3D printing technology allowed us to obtain custom devices that have been used to culture cells on buckypapers for many days. We characterized in details the morphology of these structures and studied for the first time the kinetic of cell proliferation. We found that these scaffolds, if properly functionalized, are suitable materials to grow cells for long time and potentially employable in the biomedical field. Conclusion: Although these materials are cytotoxic under certain circumstances, we have found a suitable coating and specific experimental conditions that encourage using buckypapers as novel scaffolds for cell growth and for potential applications in tissue repair and regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9295-9306
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Nanomedicine
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • Buckypaper
  • Cell proliferation
  • PAMAM dendrimer
  • Tissue regeneration
  • Transfection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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