HNF1/LFB1 is a transcription factor that controls the expression of several liver-specific genes. Previous in vitro experiments allowed us to identify two different regions in the carboxy-terminal portion of the protein responsible for most of the transcription activation potential: the first, ADI, between amino acids 546 and 628 and the second, ADII, between amino acids 281 and 318. To characterize the molecular anatomy of HNF1/LFB1 better, we have analyzed its trans-activating properties in vivo. Several HNF1/LFB1 deletion mutants were tested for their ability to induce transcription from HNF1/LFB1-dependent synthetic promoters in cells of hepatic and nonhepatic origin. These last recipient cells provide an HNF1/LFB1-deficient environment that is useful for a precise quantification of the recombinant protein. Our results confirm the importance of ADI and indicate that no activating property can be assigned to ADII in vivo. Moreover, a novel glutamine/proline-rich activation domain (ADIII) has been identified between amino acids 440 and 506. These findings are confirmed by domain-swapping experiments, carried out with the heterologous GAL4 DNA-binding domain, which also show that the activity of each individual activation domain is influenced by combining adjacent HNF1/LFB1 sequences. The data presented indicate that HNF1/LFB1 transcription activating potential relies on a complex structure and also provide important clues to understanding the different functions exerted by transcription factors of this family.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||DNA and Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology