A Brugada syndrome mutation (p.S216L) and its modulation by p.H558R polymorphism: Standard and dynamic characterization

Stefano Marangoni, Chiara Di Resta, Marcella Rocchetti, Lucio Barile, Riccardo Rizzetto, Aurora Summa, Stefano Severi, Elena Sommariva, Carlo Pappone, Maurizio Ferrari, Sara Benedetti, Antonio Zaza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims The Na channel mutation (p.S216L), previously associated with type 3 long-QT syndrome (LQT3) phenotype, and a common polymorphism (p.H558R) were detected in a patient with an intermittent Brugada syndrome (BS) ECG pattern. The study was aimed to assess the p.S216L electrical phenotype, its modulation by p.H558R, and to identify abnormalities compatible with a mixed BS-LQT3 phenotype. Methods and resultsThe mutation was expressed alone (S216L channels), or in combination with the polymorphism (S216LH558R channels), in a mammalian cell line (TSA201). Functional analysis included standard voltage clamp and dynamic clamp with endo-and epicardial action potential waveforms. Expression of S216L channels was associated with a 60 reduction in maximum Na current (INa) density, attributable to protein misfolding (rescued by mexiletine pretreatment) and moderate slowing of inactivation. INa density partially recovered in S216LH558R channels, but INa inactivation and its recovery were further delayed. The persistent component of INa (INaL) was unchanged. Under dynamic clamp conditions, INa decreased in S216L channels and displayed a 'resurgent component during late repolarization. In S216LH558R channels, INa density partially recovered and did not display a resurgent component. INa changes during dynamic clamp were interpreted by numerical modelling. ConclusionThe BS pattern of p.S216L might result from a decrease in INa density, which masked gating abnormalities that might otherwise result in a LQT phenotype. The p.H558R polymorphism decreased p.S216L expressivity, partly by lessening p.S216L effects and partly through the induction of further gating abnormalities suitable to blunt p.S216L effects during repolarization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-616
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2011

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Keywords

  • Brugada syndrome
  • Dynamic voltage clamp
  • Modelling
  • p.S216L mutation
  • SCN5A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

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