A case-control study on risk factors of domestic accidents in an elderly population

Laura Camilloni, Sara Farchi, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Francesco Chini, Maurizio Di Giorgio, Nunzio Molino, Amalia Iannone, Piero Borgia, Gabriella Guasticchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined influence of several lifestyle, health and housing factors in the occurrence of home injuries (HIs) among the elderly. The subjects were recruited from 10 hospitals in Rome, Italy. This study is a paired case-control study. Cases included subjects, aged 65-85 years, who visited the Emergency Department for an HI and were subsequently hospitalised (15 September 2004-30 June 2005). Controls were the subjects of the same gender, age (±3 years) and area of residence of cases. A conditional logistic regression model was used for analysing the variables obtained. In this study, we enrolled 107 hospitalised cases. It was found that the living room was the place where 33% of the accidents occurred. Eighty-seven per cent of the accidents were falls, and 33% of the accidents were the immediate consequence of sudden malaise. One-half of the cases reported one or more leg fractures. The variables that were independently associated with HI were poor household illumination, poor emotional status, regular physical activities and housekeeping activities. We conclude that this study shows the areas of intervention to target HI prevention activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-276
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • case-control study
  • elderly
  • home injury
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety Research

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