A case of major form familial hyperekplexia: Prenatal diagnosis and effective treatment with clonazepam

Laura Doria Lamba, Gaia Giribaldi, Emanuela De Negri, Roberta Follo, Elisa De Grandis, Maria Pintaudi, Edvige Veneselli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hyperekplexia (OMIM 149400) is an uncommon neurologic disorder characterized by exaggerated response to sensitive stimuli. It may be sporadic or familial. The disease is usually caused by mutations in the inhibitory glycine receptor α1-subunit. The authors report a male patient who is affected by the major form of familial hyperekplexia. He is currently 5 years old and is being successfully treated with clonazepam. Prenatal diagnosis was made owing to prior identification of point mutation K276E in his affected mother. Early diagnosis avoided complex and prolonged differential diagnostic procedures and allowed for early and effective intervention on severe neonatal symptoms: Hypertonia, episodes of cyanosis, apneic spells, and massive myoclonic jerks. During his first year of life, the patient was treated with cycles of phenobarbital and diazepam and achieved partial clinical response. Subsequent therapy with low-dose clonazepam was highly effective in reducing myoclonic jerks and exaggerated startle reaction, and unlike previously used drugs, it was decisive in reducing hypertonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-772
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Clonazepam
  • Familial hyperekplexia
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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