A chemical approach to myocardial protection and regeneration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The possibility of generating induced pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic fibroblasts and human adult fibroblasts has introduced new perspectives for possible therapeutic strategies to repair damaged hearts. However, obtaining large numbers of adult stem cells is still an ongoing challenge, and the safety of genetic reprogramming with lenti- or retro-viruses has several drawbacks not easy to be addressed. Furthermore, the majority of adult stem cell-based clinical trials for heart regeneration have had generally poor and controversial results. Nonetheless, it is now clear that the injected cells activate the growth and differentiation of progenitor cells that are already present in the heart. This is achieved by the release of signalling factors and/or exosomes carrying them. Along this line, chemistry may play a major role in developing new strategies for activating resident stem cells to regenerate the heart. In particular, this review focuses on small molecule approaches for cell reprogramming, cell differentiation, and activation of cell protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1-E7
JournalEuropean Heart Journal, Supplement
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2016


  • Cardiac protection
  • Cell differentiation
  • Cell reprogramming
  • De-differentiation
  • HIF-1a
  • iPSCs
  • PHD2
  • Reversine
  • Sialidase NEU3
  • Sulphonyl-hydrazones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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