A combination of mitoxantrone, etoposide and prednisone in elderly patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

L. Salvagno, A. Contu, A. Bianco, L. Endrizzi, G. M. Schintu, N. Olmeo, S. M L Aversa, V. Chiarion-Sileni, M. Soraru, M. V. Fiorentino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

From January 1988 to December 1991, 55 elderly patients (14 pretreated and 41 previously untreated) with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) entered a prospective study to evaluate the feasibility of a combination of mitoxantrone (7-9 mg/m2), VP 16-213 (150 mg, 2-hour infusion on day 1, and 200 mg per os on days 3 and 5) and low-dose prednisone (25 mg days 1-5) (MVP regimen), recycling every 21-28 days. The median age was 75 (range 64-93). All but 4 pretreated patients had intermediate- or high-grade lymphomas. Complete remissions were obtained in 22 of 40 (55%) evaluable previously untreated patients, and partial remissions in 10 (2 of these obtained complete remissions after radiotherapy), for an overall response rate of 80%. The median duration of response was 12 months. At 24 months the overall survival was 52% and the relapse-free survival was 31%. Of 14 pretreated patients complete remissions were obtained in 4 (29%) and partial remissions in 3. Granulocytopenia and fever were the most important side effects; two patients contracted bronchopneumonia and one of them died. Other toxicities were mild. We conclude that this combination chemotherapy is effective as first-line and salvage treatment in elderly patients with intermediate- and high-grade NHL, and that it is feasible on an outpatient basis, with manageable toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-837
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume3
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Hematology

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    Salvagno, L., Contu, A., Bianco, A., Endrizzi, L., Schintu, G. M., Olmeo, N., Aversa, S. M. L., Chiarion-Sileni, V., Soraru, M., & Fiorentino, M. V. (1992). A combination of mitoxantrone, etoposide and prednisone in elderly patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Annals of Oncology, 3(10), 833-837.