Fe(III)-bleomycin associates strongly with rat liver nuclei and binds to nuclear DNA. Metal-free and Cu(II)-bleomycin, however, do not bind to nuclei. The treatment of nuclei with activated iron-bleomycin results in nucleic base and base propenal release from the DNA, and also gives membrane peroxidation. Isolation and quantitation of the base propenals and free bases released subsequent to activated bleomycin treatment reveal an alteration in the stoichiometry of these products compared to those released from purified DNA. With nuclei, significantly less propenal is formed, although the yield of free base is equivalent to that from purified DNA. The membrane peroxidation products from nuclei are the same as those obtained from microsomal membranes treated with activated bleomycin. Superoxide dismutase inhibits the membrane peroxidation but has no effect on the DNA breakage reactions. The results implicate a role for iron in mediating the in vivo action of bleomycin and also reveal a potentially toxic effect, membrane peroxidation, separate from DNA damage.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas