A comparison of CLA intake and source between female and male Italian students

Francesca Maria Cicognini, Samantha Sigolo, Patrizia Gnagnarella, Giacinto Abele Donato Miggiano, Maria Chiara Mentella, Gallo Antonio, Prandini Aldo, Filippo Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: CLA isomers were proposed as factors affecting human health, although it is nowadays not clear if positively or not. The consciousness of CLA amount in foods is thus needed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the CLA intake between male and female and the role of each food as CLA source and to complete the database on CLA content in Italian foods. METHODS: A three-days food questionnaire was administered to a cohort of 40 healthy students ranging from 19 to 25 years old. Data from the food diaries were combined with the database on CLA content in foods. RESULTS: In our cohort the calculated average daily CLA intake was 130.8 mg overall: males daily consumed 164.86 mg of CLA, while females 96.65 mg. Cheese accounted for more than 62% of CLA intake (P <0.05). Milk is the second food for contribution to CLA intake (16.25 mg/day; P <0.05), while yoghurt, meat and confectionery showed a minor contribution (8.17, 5.15, and 4.91 mg/day, respectively; P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CLA intake in our cohort was lower than value proposed as biologically relevant (3 g/day). Dairy foods were the most relevant sources of CLA in both sexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-263
Number of pages7
JournalMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 31 2015

Keywords

  • CLA intake
  • CLA source
  • Dairy products
  • Food diary
  • Meat products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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  • Cite this

    Cicognini, F. M., Sigolo, S., Gnagnarella, P., Miggiano, G. A. D., Mentella, M. C., Antonio, G., Aldo, P., & Rossi, F. (2015). A comparison of CLA intake and source between female and male Italian students. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 8(3), 257-263. https://doi.org/10.3233/MNM-150052