A comparison of remifentanil and sufentanil as adjuvants during sevoflurane anesthesia with epidural analgesia for upper abdominal surgery: Effects on postoperative recovery and respiratory function

Andrea Casati, Andrea Albertin, Guido Fanelli, Francesco Deni, Marco Berti, Giorgio Danelli, Federica Grifoni, Giorgio Torri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compared the recovery profile and postoperative SpO2 after the administration of general anesthesia with either sevoflurane-remifentanil or sevoflurane-sufentanil in 30 healthy patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery. They were randomly allocated to receive general anesthesia with sevoflurane and small doses of either remifentanil (n = 15) or sufentanil (n = 15), followed by postoperative epidural analgesia. The median sevoflurane minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration-hour was 2.3 (1.2-6.3) in group Remifentanil and 2.6 (1.4-5.2) in group Sufentanil (P = 0.39), while the median consumption of remifentanil was 1.3 mg (0.7-3.4 mg) and sufentanil 0.09 mg (0.05-0.6 mg). Tracheal extubation required 10 min (6-18 min) with remifentanil and 14 min (8-24 min) with sufentanil (P = 0.05); however, no differences in time to discharge from the recovery area were reported (24 min [12-75 min] with remifentanil and 30 min [12-135 min] with sufentanil; P = 0.35). From the first to seventh hour after surgery, SpO2 was decreased more in the sufentanil than in the remifentanil group (P = 0.001), and seven patients in the sufentanil group showed at least one episode with SpO2 ≤ 90% for more than 1 min (P = 0.006) (median: 1 episode; range: 0-17 episodes; P = 0.003). When added to sevoflurane, remifentanil is as effective as sufentanil during the intraoperative period, but provides shorter time to tracheal extubation and fewer effects on postoperative SpO2 in the first 7 h after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1269-1273
Number of pages5
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume91
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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