A comparison of secretory antibodies in breast-fed and formula-fed infants over the first six months of life

M. A. Avanzini, A. Plebani, V. Monafo, G. Pasinetti, M. Teani, A. Colombo, L. Mellander, B. Carlsson, L. A. Hanson, A. G. Ugazio, G. R. Burgio

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Abstract

In the present study salivary IgA, anti-Escherichia coli, anti-β-lactoglobulin and anti-poliovirus type 1 IgA and IgM in serum and saliva were evaluated longitudinally in 13 breast-fed and 14 formula-fed infants over the first six months of life. Salivary IgA was quantified by electroimmunodiffusion; specific IgA and IgM antibodies were determined in serum and saliva by ELISA. Salivary IgA was significantly lower at age one month in breast-fed compared with formula-fed infants but in breast-fed infants salivary IgA increased with age and was significantly higher at six months than at one month. In both groups of infants, at the age of six months, salivary IgA levels were significantly lower than in adult controls. No significant differences in secretory anti-E. coli were observed between the two groups of infants. Salivary anti-poliovirus IgA and IgM antibodies increased transiently only to disappear in most babies at age six months, while anti-β lactoglobulin IgA and IgM, present in saliva at all ages, showed a wide scatter. No important differences in specific serum IgA or IgM antibodies were observed either between the groups or at different times within the groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-301
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume81
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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Keywords

  • breast fed
  • formula fed
  • serum and salivary IgA/IgM
  • specific antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Avanzini, M. A., Plebani, A., Monafo, V., Pasinetti, G., Teani, M., Colombo, A., Mellander, L., Carlsson, B., Hanson, L. A., Ugazio, A. G., & Burgio, G. R. (1992). A comparison of secretory antibodies in breast-fed and formula-fed infants over the first six months of life. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 81(4), 296-301.