A computational model of the Simon effect

Marco Zorzi, Carlo Umiltá

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

153 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even though stimulus location is task irrelevant, reaction times are faster when the location of the stimulus corresponds with the location of the response than when it does not. This phenomenon is called the Simon effect. Most accounts of the Simon effect are based on the assumption that it arises from a conflict between the spatial code of the stimulus and that of the response. In this paper a computational model of this hypothesis is presented. It provides a computationally explicit mechanism of the Simon effect. Consistent with human performance, the model provides reaction times that indicate both an advantage for the ipsilateral, corresponding response (i.e., facilitation) and a disadvantage of the contralateral, noncorresponding response (i.e., inhibition). In addition, the model accounts for the fact that the size for the effect depends on task difficulty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-205
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological Research
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

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Computational Model
Stimulus
Reaction Time
Task Difficulty
Facilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

A computational model of the Simon effect. / Zorzi, Marco; Umiltá, Carlo.

In: Psychological Research, Vol. 58, No. 3, 12.1995, p. 193-205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zorzi, Marco ; Umiltá, Carlo. / A computational model of the Simon effect. In: Psychological Research. 1995 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 193-205.
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