A cross-country examination of emotional eating, restrained eating and intuitive eating: Measurement Invariance across eight countries

Esben Strodl, Charlotte Markey, Annie Aimé, Rachel F. Rodgers, Jacinthe Dion, Gianluca Lo Coco, Salvatore Gullo, Marita McCabe, David Mellor, Antonio Granero-Gallegos, Alvaro Sicilia, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Michel Probst, Christophe Maïano, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Catherine Begin, Marie Eve Blackburn, Giada Pietrabissat, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibánez, Naomi Hayami-ChisuwaQiqiang He, Marie L. Caltabiano, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the measurement invariance of three scales that assessed emotional eating, restrained eating, and intuitive eating across eight countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Italy, Japan, Spain and the United States) in order to determine their suitability for cross-country body image research. A total of 6272 young adults took part in this study. Participants completed an online survey including the Emotional Eating subscale of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-Revised 21, the Restraint subscale of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, and the Reliance on Hunger and Satiety Cues subscale of The Intuitive Eating Scale-2. Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate potential cross-country differences in functioning of the measures. Partial invariance for all three scales was found, with only minor levels of non-invariance identified. Multiple indicator multiple cause models identified BMI and gender as potential influences on scores for these measures. Sources of invariance across groups are discussed, as well as implications for further substantive research across countries involving these measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-254
Number of pages10
JournalBody Image
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Cross-country
  • Emotional eating
  • Intuitive eating
  • Measurement invariance
  • Restraint eating
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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