A Cross-Cultural Study of the Psychometric Properties of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire Among Italian Nonclinical Adolescents

Andrea Fossati, Adrian Raine, Serena Borroni, Alice Bizzozero, Elisa Volpi, Iolanda Santalucia, Cesare Maffei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Five independent studies were used to test the hypothesis that a reliable 2-factor structure underlies the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ) items and that the 2 scales show distinct patterns of association with personality and bullying behavior measures. Study 1 (N = 1,447) gave evidence of a clear 2-factor structure of RPQ items with factor loading matrices closely matching reactive (congruence coefficient = .90) and proactive (congruence coefficient = .91) models of item assignment. The RPQ 2-factor structure was consistently replicated in Study 2 (N = 662), as well as across the remaining 3 studies. In Study 3 (N = 536), Neuroticism differentiated reactive and proactive forms of aggression. In Study 4 (N = 674), self-reports of bullying behaviors were selectively correlated with proactive aggression. Findings confirm and extend the differential correlates of proactive-reactive aggression and also support the psychometric properties of the RPQ in a different cultural context. Finally, in Study 5 (N = 347), the RPQ scales showed adequate 2-month test-retest reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • aggression
  • personality
  • reliability
  • validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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