A distinctive microrna (Mirna) signature in the blood of colorectal cancer (crc) patients at surgery

Jessica Gasparello, Chiara Papi, Matteo Allegretti, Elena Giordani, Fabio Carboni, Settimio Zazza, Edoardo Pescarmona, Paolo Romania, Patrizio Giacomini, Chiara Scapoli, Roberto Gambari, Alessia Finotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Liquid biopsy (LB) provides an examination of the peripheral blood of cancer patients for circulating tumor cells, cell-free nucleic acids and microRNAs (miRNAs) and is an established tool of precision medicine. Unlike most previous LB studies that focused on advanced metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), we assessed miRNA dysregulation in blood samples obtained on the day of surgery from patients with primary CRC lesions but no clinical evidence of extra-colonic diffusion. In this study, plasma preparation included miRNAs associated to exosomes, but excluded large macrovesicles from the preparation. Methods: The miRNA profile in plasma isolated from a cohort of 35 CRC patients at the day of surgery was analyzed by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and further confirmed by droplet digital RT-PCR (dd-RT-PCR). Results: A miR-141-3p/miR-221-3p/miR-222-3p upregulation signature previously described in advanced CRC did not discriminate the analyzed early-CRC cohort from six tumor-free donors (Tf-D). In contrast, NGS-based miRNome analysis of a training cohort of five CRC and three tumor-free donors identified a novel, distinct nine miRNA signature comprising five up-regulated and four down-regulated miRNAs, six of which could be confirmed in the full CRC and tumor-free donor validation dataset by dd-RT-PCR. Additionally, a KRAS (Kirsten Rat Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog) mutant status was correlated with the plasma content of three identified miRNAs. Conclusions: When the data obtained were comparatively evaluated, at least one of the miRNAs belonging to the signature list was found to be dysregulated in 34/35 (97.1%) of our early-CRC plasma samples. The miRNA list provides diagnostic markers as well as possible molecular targets for protocols focusing on “microRNA therapeutics”.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2410
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Circulating miRNA
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Droplet digital PCR
  • Liquid biopsy
  • Next generation sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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