A fatal case of Churg-Strauss syndrome presenting with acute polyneuropathy mimicking Guillain-Barré syndrome

Luisa De Toni Franceschini, Stefano Amadio, Marina Scarlato, Raffaella Fazio, Angelo Quattrini, Giacomo Dell'Antonio, Giancarlo Comi, Ubaldo Del Carro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A 64-year-old woman, with asthma and sinusal polyposis in her history, suddenly developed a painful polyneuropathy with diplopia. Nerve conduction studies, performed at the very onset of the neuropathy, could not definitely rule out a Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and high-dose i.v. immunoglobulins were administered. Clinical and laboratory findings subsequently supported the diagnosis of Churg-Strauss syndrome; corticosteroid therapy was started and clinical stabilisation of neuropathy was apparently achieved. No indicators of unfavourable outcome were present at that time. Nevertheless, 30 days after the onset the patient acutely worsened with severe polyneuropathy relapse and fatal systemic diffusion to heart, kidney and mesenteric district, which a single cyclophosphamide pulse failed to control. This case highlights the possibility that a GBS-like onset of Churg-Strauss syndrome neuropathy should be regarded as a part of multiorgan, severe or even life-threatening vasculitic involvement, requiring the most aggressive treatments, regardless of the presence of recognised factors of poor outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-940
Number of pages4
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Five-factor score
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Pseudoconduction block
  • Vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Dermatology

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