A genetic polymorphism in the Pannexin1 gene predisposes for the development of endothelial dysfunction with increasing BMI

Filippo Molica, Alessandra Quercioli, Fabrizio Montecucco, Thomas H. Schindler, Brenda R. Kwak, Sandrine Morel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction worsens when body mass index (BMI) increases. Pannexin1 (Panx1) ATP release channels regulate endothelial function and lipid homeostasis in mice. We investigated whether the Panx1-400A>C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), encoding for a gain-of-function channel, associates with endothelial dysfunction in non-obese and obese individuals. Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured by 13 N-ammonia positron emission/computed tomography at rest, during cold pressor test (CPT) or dipyridamole-induced hyperemia. Myocardial flow reserve (MFR) and endothelial function were compared in 43 non-obese (BMI < 30 kg/m2) vs. 29 obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) participants and genotyping for the Panx1-400A>C SNP was performed. Groups comprised subjects homozygous for the C allele (n = 40) vs. subjects with at least one A allele (n = 32). MBF (during CPT or hyperemia), MFR and endothelial function correlated negatively with BMI in the full cohort. BMI correlated negatively with MFR and endothelial function in non-obese Panx1-400C subjects, but not in Panx1-400A individuals nor in obese groups. BMI correlated positively with serum triglycerides, insulin or HOMA. MFR correlated negatively with these factors in non-obese Panx1-400C but not in Panx1-400A individuals. Here, we demonstrated that Panx1-400C SNP predisposes to BMI-dependent endothelial dysfunction in non-obese subjects. This effect may be masked by excessive dysregulation of metabolic factors in obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number208
JournalBiomolecules
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Endothelial function
  • Obesity
  • Panx1
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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