A giant with feet of clay: On the validity of the data that feed machine learning in medicine

Federico Cabitza, Davide Ciucci, Raffaele Rasoini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

This paper considers the use of machine learning in medicine by focusing on the main problem that it has been aimed at solving or at least minimizing: uncertainty. However, we point out how uncertainty is so ingrained in medicine that it biases also the representation of clinical phenomena, that is the very input of this class of computational models, thus undermining the clinical significance of their output. Recognizing this can motivate researchers to pursue different ways to assess the value of these decision aids, as well as alternative techniques that do not “sweep uncertainty under the rug” within an objectivist fiction (which doctors can come up by trusting).

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation
PublisherSpringer Heidelberg
Pages121-136
Number of pages16
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Decision support systems
  • Machine learning
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

Cabitza, F., Ciucci, D., & Rasoini, R. (2019). A giant with feet of clay: On the validity of the data that feed machine learning in medicine. In Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation (Vol. 28, pp. 121-136). Springer Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90503-7_10

A giant with feet of clay : On the validity of the data that feed machine learning in medicine. / Cabitza, Federico; Ciucci, Davide; Rasoini, Raffaele.

Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Vol. 28 Springer Heidelberg, 2019. p. 121-136.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Cabitza, F, Ciucci, D & Rasoini, R 2019, A giant with feet of clay: On the validity of the data that feed machine learning in medicine. in Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. vol. 28, Springer Heidelberg, pp. 121-136. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90503-7_10
Cabitza F, Ciucci D, Rasoini R. A giant with feet of clay: On the validity of the data that feed machine learning in medicine. In Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Vol. 28. Springer Heidelberg. 2019. p. 121-136 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90503-7_10
Cabitza, Federico ; Ciucci, Davide ; Rasoini, Raffaele. / A giant with feet of clay : On the validity of the data that feed machine learning in medicine. Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Vol. 28 Springer Heidelberg, 2019. pp. 121-136
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