A Glutamate Transporter EAAT1 Gene Variant Influences Amygdala Functional Connectivity in Bipolar Disorder

S Poletti, M Riberto, B Vai, D Ghiglino, C Lorenzi, A Vitali, S Brioschi, C Locatelli, Alessandro Serretti, C Colombo, F Benedetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe illness characterized by recurrent depressive and manic episodes and by emotional dysregulation. Altered cortico-limbic connectivity could account for typical symptoms of the disorder such as mood instability, emotional dysregulation, and cognitive deficits. Functional connectivity positively associated with glutamatergic neurotransmission. The inactivation of glutamate is handled by a series of glutamate transporters, among them, the excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (EAAT1) which is modulated by a SNP rs2731880 (C/T) where the C allele leads to increased EAAT1 expression and glutamate uptake. We hypothesized that rs2731880 would affect cortico-limbic functional connectivity during an implicit affective processing task. Sixty-eight BD patients underwent fMRI scanning during implicit processing of fearful and angry faces. We explored the effect of rs2731880 on the strength of functional connectivity from the amygdalae to the whole brain. A significant activation in response to emotional processing was observed in two main clusters encompassing the right and left amygdala. Amygdalae to whole-brain functional connectivity analyses revealed a significant interaction between rs2731880 and the task (emotional stimuli vs geometric shapes) for the functional connections between the right amygdala and right subgenual anterior cingulate cortex. Post-hoc analyses revealed that T/T patients showed a significant negative connectivity between the amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex compared to C carriers. T/T subjects also performed significantly better in the face-matching task than rs2731880*C carriers. Our findings reveal an EAAT1 genotype-associated difference in cortico-limbic connectivity during affective regulation, possibly identifying a neurobiological underpinning of emotional dysfunction in BD. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-545
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Excitatory Amino Acid Transporter 1
Amino Acid Transport System X-AG
Amygdala
Bipolar Disorder
Genes
Gyrus Cinguli
Glutamic Acid
Brain
Synaptic Transmission
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Alleles
Genotype
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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A Glutamate Transporter EAAT1 Gene Variant Influences Amygdala Functional Connectivity in Bipolar Disorder. / Poletti, S; Riberto, M; Vai, B; Ghiglino, D; Lorenzi, C; Vitali, A; Brioschi, S; Locatelli, C; Serretti, Alessandro; Colombo, C; Benedetti, F.

In: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, Vol. 65, No. 4, 2018, p. 536-545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poletti, S ; Riberto, M ; Vai, B ; Ghiglino, D ; Lorenzi, C ; Vitali, A ; Brioschi, S ; Locatelli, C ; Serretti, Alessandro ; Colombo, C ; Benedetti, F. / A Glutamate Transporter EAAT1 Gene Variant Influences Amygdala Functional Connectivity in Bipolar Disorder. In: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. 2018 ; Vol. 65, No. 4. pp. 536-545.
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